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Bratislava was declared the capital of the first independent Slovak Republic on March 14, 1939, but the new state quickly fell under Nazi influence.In 1941–19–1945, the new Slovak government cooperated in deporting most of Bratislava's approximately 15,000 Jews; At the end of World War II, most of Bratislava's ethnic Germans were helped to evacuate by the German authorities.By the 1930 Czechoslovakian census, the Hungarian population of Bratislava had decreased to 15.8% (see the Demographics of Bratislava article for more details).In 1938, Nazi Germany annexed neighbouring Austria in the Anschluss; later that year it also annexed the still-separate from Bratislava Petržalka and Devín boroughs on ethnic grounds, as these had many ethnic Germans.The origin of the name is unclear: it might come from the Czech Pos or the German Poscho, which are personal names.The medieval settlement Brezalauspurc (literally: Braslav's castle) is sometimes attributed to Bratislava, but the actual location of Brezalauspurc is under scholarly debate.



The first known permanent settlement of the area began with the Linear Pottery Culture, around 5000 BC in the Neolithic era.In 1825 the Hungarian National Learned Society (the present Hungarian Academy of Sciences) was founded in Pressburg using a donation from István Széchenyi.In 1843 Hungarian was proclaimed the official language in legislation, public administration and education by the Diet in the city.Between 15, eleven Hungarian kings and queens were crowned at St. especially after the crown jewels were taken to Vienna in 1783 in an attempt to strengthen the union between Austria and Hungary.

Many central offices subsequently moved to Buda, followed by a large segment of the nobility.

The city's modern name is credited to Pavel Jozef Šafárik's misinterpretation of Braslav as Bratislav in his analysis of mediaeval sources, which led him to invent the term Břetislaw, which later became Bratislav.